Magento 2, the transformed version of the Magento E-commerce Platform, comes with brand new architecture, coding structure, and database design.
The Magento technology team (now part of the Adobe family) has officially announced that support for version 1 will end in June of 2020.
As per statistics, more than 70% of Magento 1 websites have been migrated to Magento 2 in the last three years. If any company still using Magento 1, even when it’s updated to the latest Magento 126.96.36.199, there would be a huge difference between that website and current Magento stores from design to functionality. Therefore, migrating Magento 1.9.x to 2.3.x as soon as they can before lagging behind their competitors.
Reasons to Migrate 1.9.x to Magento 3.x
Magento 1.9.x has poor design and functionality
It has been a very long time since the release of Magento 1. As a consequence, not only Magento 1.9.x default theme but also most of the ready-made themes like Black&White Theme for this old version have an unappealing and out-of-date design.
If you persist with Magento 1’s old-fashioned website design, there might be a high possibility that you are losing a lot of potential customers.
Magento 2.3.x provides a modern and fully responsive design
Compared to Magento 1.9.x, Magento 2.3 website design is more trendy, eye-catching, and more importantly, more friendly for both users and mobile devices.
You can easily find a wide range of beautiful Magento 2.3 themes for your clothes and accessories stores or you can use Black&White Theme latest version 2.2 for the Magento latest version.
Magento 2.3.x brings powerful performance
Magento made a breakthrough when releasing Magento 2.3. In comparison with Magento 1.9.x, Magento 2.3 runs much faster (compatible with PHP 7 and HTML 5) and processes smoother checkout.
Although all Magento 2 versions, in general, are amazing, Magento 2.3.x is more recommended than Magento 2.2.x, especially Magento 2.3.2 released on June 25, 2019. In the latest version, there are a lot of impressive features such as PWA studio, Multi-source inventory, Page builder, and so on.
The admin panel of Magento 2.3.x is more intuitive and user-friendly
One of the major motivations for Magento merchants to migrate Magento 1.9.x to 2.3.x is due to Magento 2’s brilliant backend interface. It is immensely easy-to-use even when you don’t have strong technical knowledge. On the contrary, Magento 1’s admin panel seems very confusing for non-technical users.
Magento will stop providing support for Magento 1
As you might know, Magento officially announced the end of support for Magento 1, which will be effective from June 2020. What do you expect from a boring platform plus no support from its founders?
For all of the above facts, there is no reason for staying with the obsolete Magento 1.x.x versions.
Steps need to be followed before Migration
- Make a full backup of your Magento 1 store including all files, folders, and the database.
- Create a clone of your Magento 1 store. Do not use the live store for Magento migration process.
- Analyze your store. Keep what you think is necessary and delete the rest.
- Check whether your current theme(s), extensions and custom code are compatible with the Magento 2.
- Migrate the data from the cloned database of your Magento 1 store.
- Remove outdated and useless data from the database. This includes logs, recently viewed products, compared products, etc.
- To make Magento migration process as hassle-free as possible, install a fresh copy of Magento 2 on the same hosting server where your Magento 1 store is located.
Steps To Migrate Magento 1.9.x To 2.3.x
You have to migrate the database assets (e.g.: products, categories, customer information, orders, etc.) from the existing Magento 1.9.x store to the new store.
The first action you need to perform during Magento migration process is moving your Magento 1 settings and data to Magento 2. To ease up the Magento migration process, Magento has officially released Magento 2 Data Migration Tool that helps developers migrate their store data and settings using CLI commands. It makes the Magento migration process hassle-free and helps in migrating critical data (products, categories, orders, store configurations & settings, etc.) to Magento 2.
Data Migration Tool migrates the entire data from the database of Magento 1 platform to the database of Magento 2 platform based on a set of rules defined in the XML files. As of now, the Data Migration Tool only transfers data and settings. Extensions, themes, and other code customizations of Magento 1 store cannot be automatically migrated to Magento 2 store. You will have to reach out to your theme/extension provider to see if they have provided an exporting option yet for Magento 2 platform.
Magento 2 presents modern methodologies and technologies for producing enhanced purchasing and shop experience to the dealers and Customers. Developers can take benefits of new ways of creating awesome Magento 2 themes or modify the current ones to make them compatible with the Magento 2 patterns. You should keep in mind that you cannot directly transfer your Magento 1 theme to Magento 2.
Since your existing Black&White Theme for Magento 1 is not fit with Magento 2, it's difficult to just "move" your existing template to the new site. We need to merge a new Black&White Theme for Magento 2 with your site.
Extensions are required elements that give new characteristics and increase the functionalities of your Magento store. The next step in Magento migration rule is to install the aspired Magento 2 extensions available on Magento Marketplace.
Keep in your mind that, Magento 1 extensions will not work on Magento 2. You will feel severe adaptability issues while combining Magento 1 extensions into Magento2.
Only install the relevant extensions that are available and required for your Magento 2 stores. The Magento developers, community and development agencies are still working hard on porting Magento 1 extensions to Magento 2.
Migrate Custom functions
In many cases, the custom code used by your Magento 1 store is compatible with Magento 2. Magento offers a Code Migration Tool-kit that helps you in this process. It should be noted here that due to structural differences in the two platforms, This Magento migration may require additional work to make sure that the custom code successfully integrates with the Magento 2 store.
This step is related to re-configure your language (English & Arabic), currency, shipping, email templates, taxes, CMS pages on Magento 2 websites.
Steps to Troubleshoot Magento 2 Migration Issues
Migrate only pivotal database assets
By choosing only critical database assets to migrate, you can minimize the risk of losing those during the Magento 2 migration process. By the way, it gives you a perfect chance to "purify" your Magento 1.x website and increase its performance significantly.
Consider the following options related to website design
As we have mentioned, there is no way to continue using your Magento 1 theme once you decided to migrate Magento 1.9.x to 2.3.x. Instead, you can:
- Cloning your current design to make a similar one for Magento 2
- Finding a new ready-made theme for your new store (plus customization if necessary)
- Developing a unique one for Magento 2 from scratch
Look for similar extensions for Magento 2
To migrate Magento 1.9.x to 2.3.x, you will need to replace all of your current modules with the new ones for Magento 2.
There are some extensions requires migrating their data to Magento 2 such as reward points, blog. That’s why we need to find the replacements from the same module provider, which makes the extension data migration much easier.
Develop similar custom functions for Magento 2
To keep the same custom function on the new site, we must re-develop it on Magento 2.3 environment.
Another solution is searching for any Magento 2 extension that can provide you with similar features. Many times the merchants cannot find a proper module (with the functions they need) for Magento 1 but it’s possible after carrying out Magento migration.
Software and Hardware Requirements
Magento 2 will run poorly on outdated software, and it won’t work on PHP 5.
- PHP: 7.0.13+ or 7.1.x
- MySQL: 5.6, 5.7 or MariaDB 10.0,10.1,10.2 or Percona 5.7
- The following PHP extensions required: bc-math, ctype, curl, dom, gd, intl, mbstring, mcrypt, hash, OpenSSL, PDO/MySQL, SimpleXML, soap, spl, libxml, xsl, zip, JSON, iconv
- At least 2G of RAM minimum
- 24GB+ SSD (Solid State Drive)
- Magento2 won’t run well with less than 2G of RAM, and SSD technology will cause it to run much faster.